This article has been written by Rajan Dhawan.Rajan is a seasoned author specializing in personal finance and investing, with over 5 years of experience. Formerly an IT professional, his deep interest in finance led him to write on investing, stocks, and personal finance.

When it comes to earning money through investing, you must make smart decisions to grow your wealth and achieve your financial goals, but you may find the journey filled with obstacles and pitfalls.

That’s why I’m going to share five valuable strategies that would help you avoid common investment mistakes to reduce unnecessary expenses. Without any further ado, let’s discuss the strategies.

5 Strategies to Avoid Investment Risks to Unnecessary Expenses

Strategy 1: Conduct Thorough Research

Whether you want to make long term investment or want to earn money from stock market on daily basis, research is very important before you jump into any investment.

You must learn the basics of different investment assets, such as stocks, mutual funds, and bonds. You can understand how they work, their historical performance, and the associated risks.

Take advantage of reputable financial websites, investment blogs, and even research reports from trusted sources. You can make well-informed decisions based on facts and figures rather than blind speculation.

Strategy 2: Beware of Brokerage Fees and Charges

If you are not aware of how much charges you are paying to your broker, the high fees can eat into your returns over time. That would significantly impact your investment’s performance in the long run. You wouldn’t want unnecessary expenses eroding your hard-earned money, right?

You can go for a discount broker that offers you a flat brokerage fee regardless of the trading amount to help you save a huge amount on brokerage fees.

InvestingExpert’s research report reveals that 40% of India’s top 20 stockbrokers are discount brokers which means investors are now getting more aware of high expenses on investments and trading.

You can also go for other low-cost investment options, such as index funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs), that offer lower expense ratios.

By minimizing broker charges and commissions, you can maximize your investment returns in the long run.

Strategy 3: Set Realistic Financial Goals

Setting clear financial goals is crucial in guiding your investment decisions.

You should have the clarity of what you want to achieve through investing. Whether you are investing for retirement, buying a house, or for your child’s education. By identifying your goals, you can align your investment strategy accordingly.

Set a realistic financial goal keeping your risk tolerance in mind.

Investing is a long-term game, and chasing high-risk investments for quick gains can often lead to unnecessary expenses.

For example, if you invest a large sum of money in a rising cryptocurrency, hoping to make quick gains. However, that cryptocurrency value starts declining rapidly, and in panic, you sell the asset at a loss.

By chasing quick gains without proper research, you incurred unnecessary expenses (along with invested amount loss) in the form of transaction costs, brokerage fees, and potential taxes. These additional costs further reduced your overall investment returns.

Remember, prefer to go with a well-diversified portfolio that aligns with your goals rather than taking unnecessary risks.

Strategy 4: Practice Diversification

There’s a popular saying, “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.”

Diversification is a fundamental strategy that reduces your investment risk. If you invest in a particular asset or a particular sector, if that asset or that sector falls that will lead to a huge loss to you.

On the other hand, if you have invested across different asset classes, sectors, and even geographical regions, only one asset or sector would fall but other assets would help mitigate potential losses.

You can make a balanced portfolio consisting of stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other asset classes that suit your risk profile and financial goals.

Secondly, diversification also leads to saving money on unnecessary expenses. For example, if you put some investment in stocks and distribute the rest of the money in index funds, ETFs, and PPFs.

You won’t have to pay any brokerage charges or transaction fees which would further help you save some money on additional expenses.

Strategy 5: Avoid Emotional Decision-Making

Emotions can be your worst enemy when it comes to investing. Fear and greed often lead to impulsive and irrational investment decisions, resulting in unnecessary expenses.

It’s crucial to keep your emotions in check and stick to your investment strategy, especially during market fluctuations.

Remember, investing is a long-term journey. Short-term market volatility is expected, and trying to time the market can be a risky game.

Instead, focus on your financial goals, stay disciplined, and block out the noise of short-term market movements. By avoiding emotional decision-making, you’ll save yourself from costly mistakes that can impact your investment performance.


Investing wisely and avoiding common investment pitfalls is key to preserving and growing your wealth.

Remember, conducting thorough research empowers you with knowledge and helps you make informed investment decisions. Being wary of fees and charges ensures that your hard-earned money isn’t eroded by unnecessary costs.

Setting realistic financial goals keeps you focused and aligned with your long-term objectives.

Practicing diversification spreads your risk and protects you from the impact of any single investment. Finally, avoiding emotional decision-making helps you stay disciplined and focused on your investment strategy.

Start implementing these strategies today and watch your investments thrive while avoiding unnecessary expenses along the way.