The ADDIE model is a framework of reference and of processes that can facilitate the work of e-Learning Process Designers, Training Developers or/and of instructional designers! It helps you to channel efficiently the various processes comprising an effective learning process and focused on the issues, require your most attention!
The ADDIE Model
The ADDIE model is:
a framework that lists generic processes that instructional designers and training developers use. It represents a guideline for building effective training and performance support tools in five phases.(Wikipedia: ADDIE Model)
Its name derived from the first letters of the 5 phases comprise the model, i.e. Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation. Each phase or step provides results that used as input to next phase.
ADDIE is an instructional design model, aiming at providing a coherent framework of processes required for the development, maintenance, and evolution of any training process. For this reason is very useful, today, in the areas of e-Learning and blended learning!
This model considered as one of the most successful models in the e-Learning area and, today, has more than 100 different variations.
The 5 Phases of ADDIE Model
The ADDIE model comprised of 5 phases. These are:
- Analysis. The analysis phase aims at identifying the instructional objectives and problems, the environment in which learning occurs and the existing knowledge and skills of learners. The basic task of the analysis phase is to also identify the limitations and constraints may exist as well as the timetable for the implementation of the given project.
- Design. The design phase is a systematic and specific phase aiming at identifying the required learning objectives, along with all the required activities, tasks, material, etc may be needed by the learners in order to achieve the specified learning objectives. In this phase, the visual design, the usability, the content, the storyboarding of the learning objects, the delivery options and the prototyping, are also specified!
- Development. In the development phase all the blueprints, objects, assets, graphics, etc have been specified during the previous phase, are assembled and implemented by the development team in the form of learning units. In this phase are been developed the learning units, the content, the support material and the learning activities, along with every other resource needed for a successful (e-)learning process. Moreover, during this phase “the designers create storyboards and graphics. If e-learning is involved, programmers develop or integrate technologies. Testers debug materials and procedures. The project is reviewed and revised according to feedback” (Wikipedia: ADDIE Model).
- Implementation. The implementation phase is the actual implementation phase of the (e-)learning project and consist of implementing the learning procedure in real conditions (even sometimes it is more preferable the implementation of the project in smaller proportions as a pilot project, before the full implementation! This can save a lot of money and resources pinpointing errors and faults may have been escaped during the previous phases). In this phase, the learners and tutors are trained to the specified learning procedures, and the training material, activities, and tasks are disseminated and evaluated.
- Evaluation. The evaluation phase is the last phase of the model and many time it leads to various cascading circles of repetition various phases of the model (if needed!). This phase consists of 2 parts: the formative and the summative evaluation. The formative evaluation is been done in each phase of ADDIE model. The summative evaluation “consists of tests designed for domain-specific criterion-related referenced items and providing opportunities for feedback from the users” (ADDIE Model).
Question: Have you ever use ADDIE for your work? Do you find ADDIE useful? How would you evaluate ADDIE?